Leahy,S., Lyon, C., Thompson, M., & Wiliam, D.(2005). Classroom assessment: Minute by minute, day by day. Educational Leadership. 63(3), 18-26. *Used by permission. Learn more about ASCD at www.ascd.org
This article explores ideas about classroom assessment to support and promote student learning. The authors argue for the need to shift from a quality control approach to a quality assurance approach (i.e., assessment for learning), and focus on how students can benefit from assessment practices. The authors present their work with teachers in elementary, middle and high school to highlight five universal classroom assessment strategies that have positive impacts on student learning. These strategies are:1) clarifying and sharing learning intentions and criteria for success;2) engineering effective classroom discussions, questions, and learning tasks;3) providing feedback that moves learners forward;4) activating students as the owners of their own learning;5) and activating students as instructional resources for one another. The authors conclude by describing the importance of using assessment to adapt instruction to meet individual student needs and providing suggestions to help teachers learn the basic principles of assessment for learning and them in their classrooms.
Capacity Building, Culture of Collaboration, Culture of Inquiry, Formative Assessment, Multiple Measures, Professional Development, Professional Expertise