Miller, D.J. & Lavin, F.M. (2007). "But now I feel I want to give it a try": Formative assessment, self-esteem and a sense of competence. The Curriculum Journal, 18(1), 3-25.
The purpose of this article is to describe an exploratory study that examined the impact of formative assessment on children’s views of themselves as learners. Participants include 370 upper elementary school students and 16 teachers in the UK. Data collection included questionnaires, individual interviews, and group discussions. Miller and Lavin found significant gains in students’ self-esteem, self-worth, and self-competence, though there were differences based on gender, ability, and prior self-confidence. Specifically, the researchers found the greatest gains for boys, children with higher ability levels, and children with lower academic self-competence. The researchers discuss findings in relation to previous work and maintain that future work should include a control group to better test the impacts of formative assessment.